In a developing
country Road Transport is an important sector. Along with the
economic development and increase in the trade, the Road Transport
Sector is expanding very rapidly. One of the indicators of
economic development is the development in road transport
Vehicles Department is entrusted with the important regulatory
functions pertaining to road transport such as registration of
vehicles, issue of Licence to drivers and conductors, issue of
various types of permits for transportation of goods and
passengers and collection of taxes.
The number of
vehicles on the road has increased manifold during the last ten
years with a corresponding increase in the number of drivers. To
manage the issuance and tracking of driving Licence and penalties
for traffic offences with such large number of drivers with a
compounded growth year after year, an Integrated Solution with
timely access to information, across all locations, is the need of
Transport Authorities exercise and discharge the powers and
functions as per the Motor Vehicles Act. The state is divided into
regions for implementation of rules and regulations of transport
In order to
check unauthorized persons driving with forged Licence or without
valid Licence, the Government has proposed to automate the process
of issuing Driving Licence to all bonafide applicants. This media
to be issued to the applicant's needs to be rugged, counterfeit
proof and supported by biometric security features.
To keep control
on drivers for breach of laws such as over speeding, rash driving
etc Central Flying Squad has been created in the Directorate.
parameters for a Driving Licence:
and other physical identity.
Rugged and secure media
Electronic approval while reading/writing data
the existing System:
Paper based Licence, susceptible to mutilation
Cumbersome process of checking especially a mutilated Licence
Difficult to detect forgeries
Low degree of automation
No centralized database for tracking fine collection.
Solution to overcome these
A fully automated and secure driving Licence issuance procedure.
Facility to store and retrieve information using a highly secure
Efficient data storage and retrieval capability
On road Penalty collection and recording mechanism.
Verification of counterfeit driving Licence with the central
against a simple PVC card
No processing capability
Photograph and other particulars can be easily be counterfeited.
No storage capacity and hence not possible to store information
on penalty etc.
IC CHIP CARD with SCOSTA
The IC Chip
Card is the size of a standard plastic credit card with an
embedded computer chip. The chip holds various types of
information in electronic form with sophisticated security
mechanisms. There are two types of IC Chip Cards viz., contact IC
Chip Cards and contact-less IC Chip Cards. The contact IC Chip
Cards can be further divided as memory and microprocessor cards
that need to be inserted into a reader for operation. These cards
have a small gold chip called the micro module. When the card is
inserted into an IC Chip Card reader, it makes contact with
electrical connectors that transfer data to and from the chip. The
contacts IC Chip Cards look like a plastic credit card with the
chip and antenna coil inside and need to be brought near an
antenna for operation.
The IC Chip
Card used for a driving Licence application the following
Holder information viz., Name, Address, Age, Photo, fingerprint,
Signature, vehicle endorsement and any other required details. The
card can be stored with information on any Penalties and offences,
readable area (the surface) can hold the personal particulars,
photograph, signature of the holder, signature of the issuing
authority, period of validity etc.
Benefits of IC
IC Chip cards offer a unique card serial no., a unique
card issuer identification code and an authentication code.
Besides, the chip technology makes it impossible to distort any
stored information. The card can also hold biometrics information
like fingerprint etc.
Data can be written and read by using a handheld reader/writer.
The stored data can also be downloaded to a computer system.
The IC Chip cards have processing capabilities
enabling to update in real time, information regarding
Chip card and
the driving Licence
Authenticate the D.L. by reading the card references written in
the memory (Chip Media)
Write the new offence (e.g., non-renewal of tax, insurance etc)
in memory of the card using the smart card reader/writer.
At the end of the day/shift, all data related to offences and
fine collected, stored in the smart Card reader/writer, are
downloaded to the nearest office. This data is further
transmitted to the central database through the communication
Police terminal - Usage scenario
driving Licence, police personnel needs specific handheld readers,
equipped with a security module, stored and loaded at the police
station. This terminal helps to:
Control the name and general information of the driver.
Control the validity of the Licence (date of validity, all fines
Add a new fine (nature, date, and place).
Add a new accident record (nature, date, and place).
For the two last
operations, data are written in the memory of the driver Licence,
and in the memory of the terminal. When the Policeman comes back
to the police station, they will download data from the terminal
to the fine management system database.
For each fine,
it will transfer:
Name and identification number of the driver.
Nature, date, amount to be paid, number and place of the
Name and number of identification of the policeman.
accident, it will transfer:
Name, identification number and level of responsibility of the
Nature, date and place of the accident.
Number of people dead/injured.
Name and identification number of the policeman.
Payment terminal - usage scenario
To pay a fine, a
driver has to present their driving Licence to a dedicated place.
The Licence is inserted into a fine payment terminal; the driver
then chooses the fine they want to pay for and then pay for it.
The driving Licence is updated (flag of payment becomes ‘PAID’) by
the application software run by the payment terminal. This payment
transaction incorporates the following:
Name and identification number of the driver.
Number and value of the fine collected.
Name, date and identification number of the authorized place.
Payment of fine:
Each time a
driver commits an offence, on top of the normal procedure of
identity control and validity of the document (global level
control), a policeman will record the new fine in the driving
Licence (local management). The card is used to store data about
all the offenses of the driver. To pay for the attached fines, the
driver should go to dedicated points of fine payment. When the
fine is paid, using traditional means of payment, the
corresponding offence record in the card is updated as 'Paid'.
(There is no money stored into the card, just data about fact that
whether the fine has been paid or not). Without any on-line
connection to the database, a policeman is able to find out
whether the driver has committed subsequent offenses, and if the
fines have been paid or not. The policeman can then take
appropriate action such as taking away the driving Licence. A
backup of data stored in the Licence is also available in the
local authority database, to be able to reissue a Licence in case
of loss, robbery or damage.
intervals (once or twice a day), the mobile police will download
the data to the nearest ARTO/DRTO, from where all transactions are
transmitted to the central database. Via the network.The IC Chip
card is used to store driving Licence data, allowing off-line
control by police personnel or authorized entities. Driving
Licence data are organized in 5 groups according following
Identify the authenticity of the card. Data is
stored in the card during production and pre-personalized stage
made by the Manufacturer.
function: card holder identification
Identify the driver of the driving Licence:
Finger print identification
Full name of the driver
Address of the
Date /Place of birth
Identify the category of driving Licence (Permanent, learner et
endorsement (with gear, without gear, LCV
Read and update the offences. For each offence:
Offence control data for recovery
Police station or policeman's identifier
Offence place identifier
Kind of offence
The data entered by the mobile squad is
simultaneously updated in the chip and the terminal. At the end of
the day/shift, the data pertaining to offences and fine collected,
stored in the smart card terminal are downloaded into the computer
system. The updated database is then transmitted to the central
database via the communication network.
Some of the
details of system level security are highlighted below:
Login is through Smart card based ID card
Each RTO employee card is verified using
biometrics for each login.
Each RTO employee is permitted access to only
‘Allowed Facilities’ based on the permit ions granted to
him. Authorized superiors can change these permissions only.
Each activity of each employee is logged and
system and migration to advanced Management Information System
the conventional paper based Dl book by a Smart Card, following
are the benefits.
process of issuance is speeded up as it is computerized which
reduces the data processing time.
Management with focus on public convenience.
card is durable, waterproof, can withstand high temperature,
electromagnetic fields and is scratch proof.
card is the size of a credit card, which makes it easy to be
carried along with the person.
card is a highly secure card and tamper proof with password
protections. Only the authorized personnel are allowed to access
the RC information. This feature will eliminate any fraudulent
practices and ensure the security of the information on the
data storage and retrieval capability.
penalty checking. This is now possible as the inspector with the
hand held terminal can read data from the card, which is
presented to him by the vehicle driver.
defaulters for evading tax payment.
different MIS reports pertaining to penalties, tax and fee
collected at any RTO, checkpost on a weekly, monthly, yearly
basis can be made available immediately in the proposed system.
The authorized official has to select (query based) the Report
format based on which the system will automatically generate the
report and a printout of the same will be made available.